Create a Sequence Diagram Using Open API

Sequence diagram is a member of the UML diagram family, which is mainly used to show the interactions between object through time using a various lifelines. In this article, you will be shown how to create a sequence diagram from scratch using Open API.

The sequence diagram will be created by the plugin.

Create Blank Diagram

First create a blank diagram using DiagramManager.createDiagram().

//Create blank diagram
DiagramManager diagramManager = ApplicationManager.instance().getDiagramManager();
IInteractionDiagramUIModel sequence = (IInteractionDiagramUIModel) diagramManager.createDiagram(IDiagramTypeConstants.DIAGRAM_TYPE_INTERACTION_DIAGRAM);
sequence.setName("Sample Sequence Diagram");
// Retrieve root frame of the interaction
IFrame rootFrame = sequence.getRootFrame(true);

Create Model

Once the diagram is created, create a model. Then, make the diagram a sub diagram of the model using IModel.addSubDiagram().

//Craete Model
IModel model = IModelElementFactory.instance().createModel();
model.setName("diagram model");

Create Classes

Before creating any lifeline, you will need to create the corresponding class for every lifeline from IModelElementFactory.

//Create Classes
IClass classOrder = IModelElementFactory.instance().createClass();

Create Lifelines

After all classes are created, you can now use IModelElementfactory to create some timelines. Do not forget to add the a class as a lifeline’s base classifier using IInteractionLifeLine.setBaseClassifier().

//Create Lifelines
IInteractionLifeLine lifelineOrder = IModelElementFactory.instance().createInteractionLifeLine();
// Add lifeline to root frame
//declare which class does this lifeline associates to
//Create shape on diagram
IInteractionLifeLineUIModel shapeOrder = (IInteractionLifeLineUIModel) diagramManager.createDiagramElement(sequence, lifelineOrder);
shapeOrder.setBounds(200, 25, 100, 550);

Create Activation

Once the lifelines are created, you can create activation from IModelElementFactory. Remember to use IInteractionLifeLine.addActivation() to make the activation a child of a lifeline.

//Create activation
IActivation activationOrder = IModelElementFactory.instance().createActivation();
//make this activation a part of the life line Order
//Create shape on diagram
IActivationUIModel shapeActivationOrder = (IActivationUIModel) diagramManager.createDiagramElement(sequence, activationOrder);
shapeActivationOrder.setBounds(246, 100, IActivationUIModel.BODY_WIDTH, 400);

Create Operands

We can create some operands from IModelElementFactory. We will also have to create a constraint for each operands. Once the constraint is created, it will then be assigned to a operands using IInteractionOperand.setGuard().

//Create operands
IInteractionOperand eachItem = IModelElementFactory.instance().createInteractionOperand();
eachItem.setName("each Item");
//Create constraint
IInteractionConstraint constraintEachItem = IModelElementFactory.instance().createInteractionConstraint();
constraintEachItem.setName("for each item");
constraintEachItem.setConstraint("for each item");
//add the constraint into the operand
//Create shape on diagram
IInteractionOperandUIModel shapeEachItem = (IInteractionOperandUIModel) diagramManager.createDiagramElement(sequence, eachItem);

Create Combined Fragments

We can now create some combined fragments once the operands are created. You will need to state the covering lifelines and the used operands with ICombinedFragment.addCoveredLifeLine() and ICombinedFragment.addOperand() respectively.

//Create Combine fragments
ICombinedFragment fragmentEachItem = IModelElementFactory.instance().createCombinedFragment();
fragmentEachItem.setName("Loop for each item");
//This is a loop
//Give the fragment an operand
//this fragment will cover three life lines
//Create shape on diagram
ICombinedFragmentUIModel shapeFragmentEachItem = (ICombinedFragmentUIModel) diagramManager.createDiagramElement(sequence, fragmentEachItem);
shapeFragmentEachItem.setBounds(50, 150, 575, 225);
//add the operand shape as child of the fragment

Create Messages and Found/Lost Messages

You can create a message from IModelElementFactory. If it is a found/lost message, you will need to create a lost/found message end shape using IInteractionDiagramUIModel.createDiagramElement().

This is how you create a message:

//Create messages
IMessage message1_1 = IModelElementFactory.instance().createMessage();
//This message will connect from the activation on the Order time line...
//... to the Careful time line.
//make the message a child of the value > operand such that the message will move with the operand's combined fragment
//Create shape on diagram
IMessageUIModel shapeMessage1_1 = (IMessageUIModel) diagramManager.createConnector(sequence, message1_1, shapeOrder, shapeCareful, new Point[] {new Point(254,250), new Point(396,250)});

And for creating a found message:

//Create found message
//Create found/lost shape
ILostFoundMessageEndShapeUIModel found = (ILostFoundMessageEndShapeUIModel) sequence.createDiagramElement(IInteractionDiagramUIModel.SHAPETYPE_LOST_FOUND_MESSAGE_END);
found.setBounds(140, 90, 20, 20);
//Create message
IMessage message1 = IModelElementFactory.instance().createMessage();
//This message will connect to the activation on the Order life line
//Create shape on diagram
IMessageUIModel shapeMessage1 = (IMessageUIModel) diagramManager.createConnector(sequence, message1, found, shapeOrder, new Point[] {new Point(160,100), new Point(246,100)});

Show Diagram

Finally, show up the diagram

//show diagram

Sample Plugin

The sample plugin demonstrate how to create sequence diagram using Open API. After you deploy the plugin into Visual Paradigm you can then click the plugin button in the application toolbar to trigger it.

Download Sample Plugin

You can click this link to download the sample plugin.

Related Know-how

Related Link


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